Tuesday, June 9, 2009

Developemntal disorders assessment clinic dianostic evaluation report! *phew!*

I lack the skills to take this whole report and make it into a cute PDF file, so I'm going to summarize it!

Tests Administered:
Autism diagnostic interview (ADI-R, partial)
Autism Dianostic Observaiton Schedule (ADOS, Module 1)
Caregiver-teacher report for (CTRF)
Child Behavior checklist (CBCL)
Direct Ovservation
Developmental Questionnaire
Infat/Toddler Sensory Profile
Scales of independdent behavior (SIV-R)
Social communication aquestionnaire (SCQ)


Social Understanding and Functioning
"Presley was clearly attached to her parents and demonstrated an interest in others. Presley was very affectionate and demonstrated a desire to maintain the positive attention of each person in the room."
"To do so Presley frequently showed items of interest to adults she pointed and visually referenced items of interest as well. She shared her excitement over events by directing facial expressions toward the examiner."
"Presleys eye contact was direct but inconsistent and no sustained. She referenced."
"Presley was emotionally expressive during times of self-directed activity during the evaluation. She directed her facial expressions at adults and her tantrumming behaviors were supplemented with various verbal and nonverbal behaviors (i.e stomping her feet, adopting a "sassy" tone of voice) when she did not initially get her way."
"Once joint-attention was established, however, Presley often appeared to not know what to do next and would often abandon the engagement and move on to the next person. Presley demonstrated increased difficulty with shared agenda. She often avoided and abandoned tasks presented by others."
"Overall, Presley demonstrated social interest and some foundational social kills. The quality of her social overtures to others was high. However she did not exhibit the ability to sustain engagement with others for several exchanges and exhibited a high rate of abandonment."

Speech and Language/Communication
"Based on clinical observation, Presley's receptive language skills were significantly delayed for her age."
"Distraction from or avoidance of sensory input frequently compromised her receptive language abilities."
"Presley responded to color labels and size labels (big/little), yet struggled with response to other early descriptors, as well as a range of nouns, verbs and locative words."
"Presley presented a vocalization to single-word use level. Limitations with expressive vocabulary, were noted, although Presley's strengths rested with the varied word types present as well as coordinated gestural use, facial expressions, and strong intent with vocalizations and verbalization's."

Several language samples were taken during ADOS, when playing with bubbles:
-All done
-Eye (pointing to eye)

While playing with a balloon:
-A two
-one two
-one two three
-right there

"Though some of her speech may sound as if she is repeating something she has heard; Presley exhibits true words with typical prosodic patterns. During the evaluation, she played with intonation of her jargon and babble. Her vocal play is developmentally appropriate and helps her learn appropriate intonation for true words. notable was her elevated pitch, which may have been due to structural and /or neuromotor differences, including her small jaw, low oral muscle tone and sensory seeking patterns."

Stereotyped of repetitive behavior and limited patterns of interest
"Throughout the first half of the evaluation, Presley kept a small ball in each of her hands. She had such extreme difficult separating form them that she did not set them down to do other activities, even when motivated a snack."
"Presley exhibited minimal play developmental for her age. She engaged in some cause-and-effect play with a jack-in-the-box and pop-n-pals. She demonstrated emergent functional play, feeding a baby doll. Much of Presley's play during the evaluation involved exploring her environment and she demonstrated minimal incorporation of objects into her play."

Sensory processing and musculoskeletal functioning
"Results of the infant/toddler sensory profile, suggested that Prelsey exhibits deficits in sensory integration and modulation. Scales for low registration, sensation avoiding, low threshold, general sensory processing, tactile processing and vestibular processing were in the "Definie difference" range. Scales for sensory sensitivity visual processing, and oral processing here in the in "Probable difference" range. The only scale for which Presley's scores indicated "typical performance" was sensation seeking."
"In regards to musculoskeletal functioning, Presley was observed to have low tone and preferred "W" sitting."
"In the clinical setting Presley was observed to respond well to deep touch, which seemed to have a calming and focusing affect on her. during the evaluation, she especially enjoyed ticklin from the examiner and rough and tumble play."
"Activities that combine acceptable, non-threatening tactile information alone with proprioceptive input have a calming effect on presley and can help her relax. Further, Presley responds better when given periodic breaks during her day in a n area with decreased sensory information in order to calm and focus herself."

Adaptive Functioning
"Results of the Child behavior checklist (CBCL), indicated areas in which Presley is functioning differently than her same-age peers. Presley's behavior was rated in the "clinical" range (above the 97th perecentile) or "borderline clinical" (between the 93rd and 97th percentiles) for several scales, indication that her behavior is more challenging and more of a concern than would be expected for her age."
"Elevations on the withdrawn sub scale reflect the concerns related to autistic symptomatically that prompted the current evaluation. Elevation on the attention-related scales is likely related to Presley's engagement in her own (preferred) activities and her sensory seeking behavior. elevation the on the aggressive and oppositional scales may reflect a strong-willed temperament, but may also be in part related to Prelsey's language difficulties."
"Overall prelseys adaptive behavior is in the "very limited" range. Her skills are in specific ares of adaptive behavior, as compared to same-age peers, where generally consistent across domains, with the exception of motor skills and community living."
"Thus, Presley exhibits deficits in skills required to complete age-appropriate everyday tasks, and she requires extensive support in order to successfully manage activities of daily life."

Diagnostic impressions
"Presley demonstrated some social deficits, primarily difficulty with shared agenda and an inability to sustain interaction with others. However, her interest in others and the amount of time she initiated interaction with others is unlike the social behavior a child on the autism spectrum. Presley exhibited strong social motivation and interest. Diminished play development affected quality of interactions; as well, making it difficult sustain interaction with others. Though she demonstrated decreased capacity to incorporate objects into her play, Presley engaged in a nice imitation of adult examiner behavior with toys. She initiated joint attention by showing objects to others but did not consistently respond to others' initiations toward her.
Based on clinical observation, Presley demonstrated delayed receptive and expressive language skills for her age. Overall, her expressive language was driven by a desire to get her needs and wants met. She became more insistent if her requests were not initially met and she consistently got the attention of the person with whom she was communicating. presleys comprehension of simple directions was inconsistent and hindered by task abandonment and difficulty with shared agenda. She successfully and naturally combined verbal and nonverbal communication. in addition, Presley reasoned well to demonstration and prompting from examiners."

"Presley exhibited sensory seeking behavior."

Final diagnoses
"Overall, Presley's developmental profile appeared uneven. there were some patterns of Concern related ot the autism spectrum. A continuing concern is Prelsey's limited ability to sustain reciprocal interaction with others, especially if they activity is of low interest to her. Presley's language skills are uneven, but developing in a positive direction and she responds well to intervention. It is uncertain if her fixation on particular objects would remain present if sensory processing and play skills improve. Presley has respond well to previous intervention and recently blossomed. Many of the more concerting behaviors with regards to autism that Presley previously exhibited are diminishing. Scores on the ADI-R, ADOS and direct observation suggested that Presley does not meet criteria for a diagnosis of an autistic disorder. Therefore, at this time, it appears that there is not a reason to assign an autism diagnosis for Presley. If, however, the question of autism persists in the future, the parents may choose to pursue further diagnostic evaluation at the time.

Axis 1 Diagnosis: Rule out PDD
Axis 2 Diagnosis: Developmental Delays
Axis 3 Diagnosis: Sensory processing disorder